JOURNAL OF CHILEAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY

Vol 64 No 3 (2019): Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society
Original Research Papers

ADSORPTION ABILITY OF ACTIVATED CARBON OBTAINED FROM SUB-BITUMINOUS COAL (LEBU, CHILE) TO CAPTURE TRIMETHYLAMINE

Paola Méndez
Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad del Bío-Bío
Christian Nuñez
Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad del Bío-Bío
Jaime R. Cabrera-Pardo
Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad del Bío-Bío
Cristian Paz
Departamento de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad de la Frontera
Juan Manuel Barraza
Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad del Valle
Rosario Castillo
Departamento de Análisis Instrumental, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Concepción
Carlos Peña-Farfal
LABEL-POLECTRO, Departamento de Química Analítica e Inorgánica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad de Concepción
Published October 30, 2019
Keywords
  • Activated carbon,
  • trimethylamine,
  • adsorption process,
  • physical and chemical characterization

Abstract

The removal of organic contaminants, especially trimethylamine (TMA), have been successfully achieved using carbon activate. In this article, we report the formation of carbon activate (CA-SM) isolated from sub-bituminous coal in small mantles (SM) at the Mine “Mantos Negros” (Lebu, Chile). This coal was subjected to thermal oxidation with CO2 at 950 °C and their TMA adsorption capacity evaluated. SM and CA-SM were physically and chemically characterized showing that the activated carbon increased the surface porosity as well as the Iodine Index from 2.5 mg I2/g to 434 mg I2/g coal. The proximal and elementary analyses of CA-SM showed a significant reduction of sulfur, nitrogen and hydrogen, and increased composition of carbon and oxygen. These results together with FTIR and Boehm titration suggest that the surface composition of the activated carbon is acidic in nature. The adsorption of TMA by CA-SM was evaluated in dissolution at different pH and exposure time conditions. We found that TMA can be fully absorbed (50 ml TMA at 4 mg/L and 0.2000g of CA-SM) under neutral and basic pH after 60 minutes of exposure.
The feasibility of producing activated carbon from sub-bituminous coal from Province of Arauco, Chile, is a promising alternative to develop coal-based products displaying adsorbent properties useful to control amine-derived contaminants produced in the fishing industry.

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